Extract from “Improving Working Memory: Supporting Students’ Learning”,
Tracey Packiam Alloway; Sage Publications Ltd, London, 2011:39

The Dyslexic Brain
“You may remember that the left hemisphere is associated with language skills (e.g., Broca’s area). Brain imaging studies (Shaywitz, 1996; Shaywitz and Shaywitz, 2005) have found that typical readers use the left occipital temporal region, known as the ‘word forming area’, to sound out words while reading. Does the dyslexic brain also reveal the same pattern? Shaywitz’s recent study looked at a group of 20-year-olds who had been diagnosed with dyslexia in kindergarten. Brain imaging scans found that there is very little activation in the left temporal area; instead they had greater activation in the right temporal area. Some interpret this to mean that the dyslexic student will bypass mental pathways in the left brain areas associated with phonological awareness skills and rely instead on more visual methods to support their reading.”

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